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24/11/2020
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Reunified Germany: Waking Europe's sleeping giant

Thirty years after reunification, Germany is shouldering more responsibility. But it has a lot more to do.

German Unity Day is the National Day in Germany, celebrated on 3 October as a public holiday. It commemorates the German reunification (German: Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) in 1990 when the the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, as provided by the original Article 23 of the federal Constitution (Grundgesetz). Berlin was reunited into a single city, and again became the capital of united Germany.

Today exactly one month ago Germany celebrated the 30th anniversary of its reunification.

Germans celebrating 30th Anniversary of  Reunification

Berlin, Nov. 3.– Margaret Thatcher feared and openly opposed the reunification of East and West Germany. François Mitterrand was said to have shared her worries, though he accepted it was inevitable. Giulio Andreotti repeated a popular quip: that he loved Germany so much, he “preferred it when there were two of them”. Yet despite the reservations of the British, French and Italian leaders in 1990, a new country came into being 30 years ago on October 3rd. With 80m people, it was immediately the most populous country and mightiest economy in a Europe that until then had had four roughly equal principals. Ever since, statesmen and scholars have grappled with the problem of how to deal with the reluctant hegemon at the heart of Europe. How should Germany lead without dominating? Indeed, after the enormities of Nazism, can it be trusted to lead at all?

Thirty years on, German reunification has been a resounding success. East Germans were freed from the dull yoke of communism. With just three chancellors in three decades, the new, liberated Germany has been steady and pragmatic. It has championed the expansion of the European Union to the east and the creation of the €uro.

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USA – Republican Party Platform 2020

See Main Points of the Democratic Party Platform 2020 HERE

The Republican National Committee adopted a resolution regarding the platform on August 22, 2020, that reiterated that the party would not adopt a new platform because "it did not want a small contingent of delegates formulating a new platform without the breadth of perspectives within the ever-growing Republican movement." The resolution also noted the party's continued support for Trump's America First agenda.

The text of the resolution adopted by the Republican National Committee on August 22, 2020, regarding the party's platform is available HERE 

Next day (August 23, 2020), President Trump released the following list of core priorities for his second-term agenda. 

JOBS

  • Create 10 Million New Jobs in 10 Months
  • Create 1 Million New Small Businesses
  • Cut Taxes to Boost Take-Home Pay and Keep Jobs in America
  • Enact Fair Trade Deals that Protect American Jobs
  • 'Made in America' Tax Credits
  • Expand Opportunity Zones
  • Continue Deregulatory Agenda for Energy Independence

ERADICATE COVID-19

  • Develop a Vaccine by The End Of 2020
  • Return to Normal in 2021
  • Make All Critical Medicines and Supplies for Healthcare Workers in The United States
  • Refill Stockpiles and Prepare for Future Pandemics

END OUR RELIANCE ON CHINA

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Peace in the Middle East?

Although Jerusalen is the capital of Israel and the whole city and its suburbs are under its sovereignty, the Israeli government's discretion to extend freedom of religion to Muslims and Christians, who retain authority over sacred places and temples, is remarkable. Israel signed a peace treaty with Egypt on 26 March 1979 and another one with Jordan on 26 October 1994. This year, two more Muslim states recognized Israel and signed peace treaties with the Jewish State: the United Arab Emirates and Bahrein. It is known that other Muslim states are considering to follow this trend towards peace in the region if President Trump wins the elections this November. If not, they will delay that decision until they verify the political orientation of the new President, or even back down from it.

Is it time to ‘normalize’ the Temple Mount?  

Normalization is the buzzword of the moment. We are now normalizing things that had been abnormal for far too long.

Jerusalem, Oct. 25.– It is no coincidence that the deal to normalize relations between the State of Israel and the United Arab Emirates is called the “Abraham Accords.” The patriarch, common to both Judaism and Islam, is revered by both as the progenitor of both religions and peoples.

Both Jews and Muslims believe that Abraham was told to sacrifice his son, while commentators differ on the identity of the son. Jews of course believe that the binding of Isaac was a scene set on the Temple Mount that earlier was the point of creation and later became the location for the two greatest houses of worship for the Jewish nation.

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Pronósticos pesimistas del FMI para 2020, pero optimistas para 2021 ... aunque no tanto

Existe un grado de incertidumbre inusitadamente elevado en torno a las proyecciones del FMI porque las proyecciones de base se fundamentan en presunciones críticas sobre las secuelas de la pandemia, debido al hecho de que la actividad sufriría más de lo previsto durante el confinamiento instituido en el primer y segundo semestres de 2020, y debido a  "un golpe a la productividad a medida que las empresas que sobrevivan incrementen las necesarias prácticas de seguridad e higiene en los lugares de trabajo", según comenta el FMI. No obstante el pesimismo que pronostica una tasa de recesión al finalizar 2020 del 8% para Estados Unidos, 10,2% para la zona del Euro y 9,4% para América Latina y el Caribe, proyecta un repunte notable del 4,5% para Estados Unidos, 5% para la zona del Euro y 3,7% para América Latina al finalizar el año 2021. Para España, en particular, los pronósticos son todavía más acentuados, tanto en la recesión como en el repunte; y los resultados para Estados Unidos desde 2019 son los mejores del mundo."

El FMI mejora la previsión de la economía mundial pero mantiene la caída de España.

El PIB de España caerá un 12,8% este año y pronostica un alza del 7,2% en 2021, casi un punto más que en junio.

Barcelona, Oct.13.– El Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) ha mejorado en medio punto su previsión sobre la evolución de la economía mundial en el 2020. El informe de perspectivas económicas globales que acaba de publicar augura una caída del producto interior bruto (PIB) mundial del 4,4%, cinco décimas menos que en junio, cuando la mayoría de los países estaban justo iniciando la desescalada. “Son tiempos difíciles, pero hay algunas razones para la esperanza”, afirma Gita Gopinath, economista jefe del FMI.

La corrección al alza se debe, según la institución, a los resultados ya conocidos sobre el segundo trimestre del año, que fueron mejores de lo esperado, “principalmente en los países desarrollados, donde la economía empezó a mejorar antes de lo previsto tras la reapertura progresiva de mayo y junio”, dice el informe.

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Agricultura Extraterrestre

China anunció el 15 de enero de 2019 que había brotado una planta de algodón sobre la superficie de la Luna. Por supuesto, se encontraba en el interior de una nave china que había descendido sobre la cara oculta de nuestro satélite pocos días antes. Para que los astronautas sobrevivan a una misión de larga duración (al planeta Marte, por ejemplo), será indispensable que puedan generar sus propios alimentos en viajes que podrían durar años. Un reportaje en Muy Interesante (a continuación) abunda detalladamente en los planes de agricultura espacial que se están ideando para futuros viajes a otros planetas."

Brotes verdes en la agricultura espacial

En agosto de 2015, los astronautas de la Estación Espacial Internacional probaron lechuga fresca cultivada por ellos en el espacio.

Para que los astronautas establezcan colonias en la Luna y Marte, tal y como se planea, no tendrán más remedio que ser también agricultores, lo cual plantea serios desafíos a la ciencia. Sometidas a condiciones ambientales extremas, tierras ultraestériles y microgravedad, las huertas espaciales exigen una labor ingente de investigación que ya empieza a cosechar sus frutos.

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